Irinotecan Hydrochloride and Temozolomide With Temsirolimus or Monoclonal Antibody Ch14.18 in Treating Younger Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Neuroblastoma

This study has suspended participant recruitment.
(crm: 16907)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01767194
First received: January 9, 2013
Last updated: April 7, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

This randomized phase II trial studies how well giving irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide together with temsirolimus or monoclonal antibody Ch14.18 works in treating younger patients with refractory or relapsed neuroblastoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Temsirolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as monoclonal antibody Ch14.18, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. It is not yet known whether giving irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide together with temsirolimus or monoclonal antibody Ch14.18 is more effective in treating neuroblastoma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Neuroblastoma
Drug: temozolomide
Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
Drug: temsirolimus
Biological: monoclonal antibody Ch14.18
Biological: sargramostim
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Trial of Irinotecan/Temozolomide With Temsirolimus (NSC# 683864) or Chimeric 14.18 Antibody (ch14.18) (NSC# 623408) in Children With Refractory, Relapsed or Progressive Neuroblastoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of patients who are responders defined as patients who achieve a >= partial response (PR) per the INRC as their best overall response [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Compared between treatment arms using a Fisher's exact test.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival, defined as a relapse, progressive disease, or death attributable to tumor or treatment [ Time Frame: Time of enrollment on the study until the occurrence of the first event or until the time of last contact if no event has occurred, assessed up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Kaplan-Meier curves will be generated, and curves will be compared using a log-rank test.

  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Time of enrollment on the study until the occurrence of the first event or until the time of last contact if no event has occurred, assessed up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Kaplan-Meier curves will be generated, and curves will be compared using a log-rank test.

  • Occurrence of unacceptable toxicities, graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Ability to maintain intended treatment with all agents (irinotecan hydrochloride, temozolomide and the experimental agent) without a dose reduction or going off protocol therapy for toxicity [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall response rate (complete response [CR], PR, stable disease [SD], progressive disease [PD]) according to the INRC [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Compared between treatment arms using a Fisher's exact test.


Estimated Enrollment: 74
Study Start Date: February 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (temozolomide, irinotecan hydrochloride, temsirolimus)
Patients receive temozolomide PO on days 1-5, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 1-5, and temsirolimus IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8.
Drug: temozolomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • SCH 52365
  • Temodal
  • Temodar
  • TMZ
Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Campto
  • Camptosar
  • CPT-11
  • irinotecan
  • U-101440E
Drug: temsirolimus
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CCI-779
  • cell cycle inhibitor 779
  • Torisel
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Optional correlative studies
Experimental: Arm II (temozolomide, irinotecan hydrochloride, Ch14.18)
Patients receive temozolomide and irinotecan hydrochloride as in Arm I, monoclonal antibody Ch14.18 IV over 10-20 hours on days 2-5 and sargramostim SC or IV over 2 hours on days 6-12.
Drug: temozolomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • SCH 52365
  • Temodal
  • Temodar
  • TMZ
Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Campto
  • Camptosar
  • CPT-11
  • irinotecan
  • U-101440E
Biological: monoclonal antibody Ch14.18
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Ch14.18
  • MOAB Ch14.18
Biological: sargramostim
Given SC or IV
Other Names:
  • GM-CSF
  • Leukine
  • Prokine
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Optional correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To identify whether temsirolimus or ch14.18 (monoclonal antibody Ch14.18) is the optimal therapeutic agent to consider for further testing in a future Phase III randomized trial for treatment of newly diagnosed high-risk neuroblastoma.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the response rates (RR) for patients receiving temsirolimus or ch14.18 in combination with irinotecan (irinotecan hydrochloride) and temozolomide.

II. To compare the progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates for patients receiving temsirolimus or ch14.18 in combination with irinotecan and temozolomide.

III. To compare the toxicities associated with temsirolimus or ch14.18 when combined with irinotecan and temozolomide in patients with refractory, relapsed or progressive neuroblastoma.

IV. To compare the ability to maintain intended dose intensity of all agents when temsirolimus or ch14.18 is combined with irinotecan and temozolomide in patients with refractory, relapsed or progressive neuroblastoma.

V. To determine the concordance between tumor responses as defined by standard International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria (INRC) versus response per the revised INRC.

VI. To study the clinical relevance of naturally occurring anti-glycan antibodies in patients receiving ch14.18 antibody.

VII. To study the clinical relevance of natural killer (NK) receptor NKp30 isoforms in patients receiving ch14.18 antibody or temsirolimus.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment regimens.

ARM I: Patients receive temozolomide orally (PO) on days 1-5, irinotecan hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on days 1-5, and temsirolimus IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8.

ARM II: Patients receive temozolomide and irinotecan hydrochloride as in Arm I, monoclonal antibody Ch14.18 IV over 10-20 hours on days 2-5 and sargramostim subcutaneously (SC) or IV over 2 hours on days 6-12.

In both arms, treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 17 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have had histologic verification of neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma or demonstration of neuroblastoma cells in the bone marrow with elevated urinary catecholamines (i.e., > 2 x upper limit of normal [ULN]), at the time of initial diagnosis
  • For the purposes of this study, aggressive multidrug chemotherapy is defined as chemotherapy including 2 or more agents that must include an alkylating agent and a platinum-containing compound; patients must have ONE of the following:

    • First episode of recurrent disease following completion of aggressive multi-drug frontline therapy
    • First episode of progressive disease during aggressive multi-drug frontline therapy
    • Primary resistant/refractory disease detected at the conclusion of at least 4 cycles of aggressive multidrug induction chemotherapy on or according to a high-risk neuroblastoma protocol (examples include A3973, ANBL0532, ANBL09P1, etc.)
  • Patients must have at least ONE of the following:

    • Measurable tumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scan obtained within 3 weeks prior to study entry; measurable is defined as >= 10 mm in at least one dimension on spiral/helical CT that is metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) avid or demonstrates increased fludeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET) scan
    • MIBG scan obtained within 3 weeks prior to study entry with positive uptake at a minimum of one site; this site must represent disease recurrence after completion of therapy, progressive disease on therapy, or refractory disease during induction
    • Patients with resistant/refractory soft tissue disease that is not MIBG avid or does not demonstrate increased FDG uptake on PET scan must undergo biopsy to document the presence of viable neuroblastoma; biopsy is not required for patients who have new site of soft tissue disease (radiographic evidence of disease progression) regardless of whether progression occurs while receiving therapy or after completion of therapy
    • Note: Patients with elevated catecholamines (i.e., > 2 x ULN) only or bone marrow disease only are NOT eligible for this study
  • Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
  • Patients must have received frontline therapy (including surgery, chemotherapy, autologous stem cell transplant [SCT] +/- MIBG, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, and retinoids) but may NOT have received second line chemotherapy for resistant/refractory, relapsed disease or progressive disease
  • At least 14 days must have elapsed since completion of myelosuppressive therapy
  • At least 7 days must have elapsed since the completion of therapy with a non-myelosuppressive biologic agent or retinoid
  • No interim time prior to study entry is required following prior radiation therapy (RT) for non-target lesions; however, patients must not have received radiation for a minimum of 4 weeks prior to study entry at the site of any lesion that will be identified as a target lesion to measure tumor response; lesions that have been previously radiated cannot be used as target lesions unless there is radiographic evidence of progression at the site following radiation or a biopsy done following radiation shows viable neuroblastoma; palliative radiation is allowed to sites that will not be used to measure response during this study
  • Patients are eligible >= 6 weeks after autologous stem cell transplants or stem cell infusions as long as hematologic and other eligibility criteria have been met
  • Patients are eligible >= 6 weeks after therapeutic 131I-MIBG provided that all other eligibility criteria are met
  • Subjects who have previously received anti-disialoganglioside (GD2) monoclonal antibodies for biologic therapy or for tumor imaging are eligible unless they have had progressive disease while receiving prior anti-GD2 therapy; subjects who have received autologous marrow infusions or autologous stem cell infusions that were purged using monoclonal antibody linked to beads, but no other form of anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody, are eligible
  • Patients must not have received long-acting myeloid growth factors (e.g., Neulasta) within 14 days of entry on this study; seven days must have elapsed since administration of a short acting myeloid growth factor
  • Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750/uL
  • Platelet count >= 75,000/uL (transfusion independent)
  • Patients known to have bone marrow involvement with neuroblastoma are eligible provided that minimum ANC and platelet count criteria are met but are not evaluable for hematological toxicity
  • Creatinine clearance or estimated radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or
  • A serum creatinine =< upper limit of normal (ULN) based on age/gender as follows:

    • Age 1 month to < 6 months: 0.4 for males, 0.4 for females
    • Age 6 months to < 1 year: 0.5 for males, 0.5 for females
    • Age 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 for males, 0.6 for females
    • Age 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 for males, 0.8 for females
    • Age 6 to < 10 years: 1 for males, 1 for females
    • Age 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 for males, 1.2 for females
    • Age 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 for males, 1.4 for females
    • Age >= 16 years: 1.7 for males, 1.4 for females
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN for age AND
  • Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 5.0 x ULN for age (=< 225 U/L); for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
  • Adequate central nervous system function defined as:

    • Patients with a history of central nervous system (CNS) disease must have no clinical or radiological evidence of CNS disease at the time of study enrollment
    • Patients with seizure disorders may be enrolled if seizures are well controlled on anticonvulsants
    • CNS toxicity =< grade 2
  • Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram (ECHO) OR
  • Ejection fraction >= 50% by ECHO or gated radionuclide study
  • Adequate coagulation defined as:

    • Prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.2 x upper limit of normal
  • Serum lipids within acceptable range:

    • Serum triglyceride level =< 300 mg/dL and serum cholesterol level =< 300 mg/dL; If non-fasting values exceed these levels, lipid testing should be repeated in the fasting state
  • Adequate pulmonary function defined as:

    • No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, no chronic oxygen requirement, and room air pulse oximetry > 94% if there is a clinical indication for pulse oximetry; normal pulmonary function tests in patients who are capable of cooperating with testing (including diffusion capacity of the lung of carbon monoxide [DLCO]) are required if there is a clinical indication for determination; for patients who do not have respiratory symptoms, full pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are NOT required

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women of childbearing potential and their partners must agree to use adequate contraception while enrolled on this study; based on the established teratogenic potential of alkylating agents and temsirolimus, pregnant women will be excluded from this study; because of potential risks to breastfed infants due to drug metabolites that could be excreted in breast milk, female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breastfeeding or will otherwise be excluded from this study; females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test to be eligible for this study
  • Patients with elevated catecholamines (i.e., > 2 x ULN) only or bone marrow disease only are NOT eligible for this study
  • Patients must have been off pharmacologic doses of systemic steroids for at least 7 days prior to enrollment; patients who require or are likely to require pharmacologic doses of systemic corticosteroids while receiving treatment on this study are ineligible; the only exception is for patients known to require 2 mg/kg or less of hydrocortisone (or an equivalent dose of an alternative corticosteroid) as premedication for blood product administration in order to avoid allergic transfusion reactions; the use of conventional doses of inhaled steroids for the treatment of asthma is permitted, as is the use of physiologic doses of steroids for patients with known adrenal insufficiency
  • Patients must not have received enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants including phenytoin, phenobarbital, valproic acid, or carbamazepine for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients receiving non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants such as gabapentin or levetiracetam will be eligible
  • Patients must not have been diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome or with any malignancy other than neuroblastoma
  • Patients with symptoms of congestive heart failure are not eligible
  • Patients must not have >= grade 2 diarrhea
  • Patients must not have uncontrolled infection
  • Patients who have received prior therapy with an mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor in combination with cytotoxic chemotherapy are not eligible
  • Patients with a history of significant allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to temsirolimus are not eligible
  • Patients with a history of grade 4 allergic reactions to anti-GD2 antibodies or reactions that required discontinuation of the anti-GD2 therapy are not eligible
  • Patients with a significant intercurrent illness (any ongoing serious medical problem unrelated to cancer or its treatment) that is not covered by the detailed exclusion criteria and that is expected to interfere with the action of study agents or to significantly increase the severity of the toxicities experienced from study treatment are not eligible
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01767194

  Show 95 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Rajen Mody Children's Oncology Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01767194     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-03125, NCI-2012-03125, CDR0000745188, COG-ANBL1221, ANBL1221, ANBL1221, U10CA098543
Study First Received: January 9, 2013
Last Updated: April 7, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroblastoma
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Sirolimus
Everolimus
Temozolomide
Irinotecan
Dacarbazine
Camptothecin
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014