Lenalidomide With or Without Rituximab After Standard Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Diffuse Large B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified June 2013 by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nishitha Reddy, MD, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: October 1, 2008
Last updated: June 7, 2013
Last verified: June 2013

RATIONALE: Lenalidomide may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking blood flow to the cancer. It may also stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. It is not yet known whether lenalidomide is more effective with or without rituximab in treating diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying lenalidomide to see how well it works when given with or without rituximab after standard chemotherapy in treating patients with diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug: Lenalidomide
Drug: Rituximab
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Study of Lenalidomide or Lenalidomide and Rituximab as Maintenance Therapy Following Standard Chemotherapy for Patients With High/High-intermediate Risk Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease-free survival at 1 year [ Time Frame: 1 year after completing treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease-free survival at 2 years [ Time Frame: 2 years after completing treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Safety and toxicity profile [ Time Frame: 30 days after completing treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 44
Study Start Date: October 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I: Drug: Lenalidomide
Orally once daily on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other Name: Revlimid
Experimental: Arm II: Lenalidomide and Rituximab IV
Patients receive lenalidomide as in arm I and rituximab IV on day 8 of courses 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Lenalidomide
Lenalidomide 20 mg daily, Days 1-21, followed by 7 days rest (28-day cycle). Cycles will be repeated every 28 days for a total of 12 cycles
Other Name: Revlimid
Drug: Rituximab
Rituximab 375 mg/m2 intravenously (IV) starting on Day 8, Cycle 1 of lenalidomide. Rituximab will be repeated on Day 8 of odd numbered cycles (Cycles 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11) for a total of 6 doses from randomization.
Other Name: Rituxan

Detailed Description:



  • To assess the 1-year disease-free and relapse-free survival of patients with high- or high/intermediate-risk diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with maintenance therapy comprising lenalidomide with or without rituximab following standard chemotherapy.


  • To assess the 2-year disease-free survival of patients treated with these regimens.
  • To define the safety and toxicity profile of these regimens.
  • To perform antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity assays using peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples from these patients.
  • To assess the change in the number of natural killer cells by flow cytometric analysis.
  • To evaluate cytokines including, but not limited to, sIL-2R, IL-6, IL-15, IL-12, TNF-α, and IFN-γ in these patients.
  • To study the KIR genotype receptor and FCγR polymorphisms.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral lenalidomide once daily on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Patients receive lenalidomide as in arm I and rituximab IV on day 8 of courses 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Peripheral blood mononuclear cells are collected periodically for correlative studies. Samples are analyzed for change in the number of natural killer cells by flow cytometry; antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity by assay; cytokines; KIR genotype receptor; and FCγR polymorphisms.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed at 30 days and then every 3 months for 1 year.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Understand and voluntarily sign an Informed Consent form
  2. Age > 18 years at time of signing the Informed Consent Form
  3. Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  4. Patients with histological confirmation of diffuse large B cell lymphoma with at least one of the following characteristics:

    • High or intermediate IPI score (See Appendix 8.0 for IPI scoring criteria)
    • Patients who are still PET scan positive mid therapy with R-CHOP, but, have turned negative after completion of therapy.
    • Low risk International prognostic index ie., an IPI score of <3 if age >60 years or <2 if age is less than or equal to 60 with c-myc positive by Fluorescent In situ Hybridization.
  5. No other previous lymphoma therapy, hormonal therapy or surgery, except for standard therapy with R-CHOP with or without radiation and with or without prophylactic Methotrexate therapy. Patients must be enrolled within 4-12 weeks of completion of therapy.
  6. At the time of study entry following standard therapy with R-CHOP±RT, patients should be in complete remission.
  7. ECOG performance status of ≤ 2 at study entry
  8. Laboratory test results within these ranges:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1500/mm³
    • Platelet count ≥100K /mm³
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
    • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2 x ULN
  9. Disease free of prior malignancies for ≥ 3 years with exception of currently treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "in situ" of the cervix or breast.
  10. Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)† must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy. All patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure -A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the Informed Consent
  2. Pregnant or breast feeding females. (Lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide).
  3. Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study.
  4. Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline.
  5. Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide.
  6. The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs.
  7. Any prior use of lenalidomide.
  8. Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments.
  9. Known positive for HIV or infectious hepatitis, type B or C.
  10. A diagnosis of deep vein thromboses in the preceding 3 months of study enrollment.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00765245

United States, North Carolina
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill Recruiting
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7295
Contact: Clinical Trials Office - Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Cente    877-668-0683      
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center - Cool Springs Recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37064
Contact: VICC Clinical Trials Information Program    800-811-8480      
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center at Franklin Recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37064
Contact: VICC Clinical Trials Information Program    800-811-8480      
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center Recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232-6838
Contact: Clinical Trials Office - Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center    800-811-8480      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Nishitha Reddy, MD Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Nishitha Reddy, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine; Hematologist/Oncologist, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00765245     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VICC HEM 0835, P30CA068485, VU-VICC-HEM-0835
Study First Received: October 1, 2008
Last Updated: June 7, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center:
stage I adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
contiguous stage II adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
stage III adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
stage IV adult diffuse large cell lymphoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 01, 2014