Chemotherapy With or Without Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2014 by National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00588770
First received: December 28, 2007
Last updated: August 19, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
  Purpose

This randomized phase III trial studies chemotherapy to see how well it works with or without bevacizumab in treating patients with head and neck cancer that has come back (recurrent) or that has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, cisplatin, carboplatin, and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also make tumor cells more sensitive to chemotherapy and stop the growth of head and neck cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. It is not yet known whether combination chemotherapy is more effective when given with or without bevacizumab in treating patients with head and neck cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Recurrent Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary
Recurrent Salivary Gland Cancer
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Salivary Gland Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IV Salivary Gland Cancer
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx
Stage IVA Salivary Gland Cancer
Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Stage IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Stage IVA Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVA Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Stage IVB Salivary Gland Cancer
Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Stage IVB Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Stage IVB Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVB Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Stage IVC Salivary Gland Cancer
Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Stage IVC Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Stage IVC Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IVC Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Tongue Cancer
Untreated Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary
Drug: docetaxel
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: carboplatin
Drug: fluorouracil
Biological: bevacizumab
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized Trial of Chemotherapy With or Without Bevacizumab in Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to date of death from any cause, censored at date of last contact, assessed up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Interim analyses comparing overall survival between the two arms using long-rank tests will be performed. At each analysis, critical values for the long-rank test will be calculated using a truncated Lan-Demets error spending rate function corresponding to the O'Brien-Fleming boundary.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of toxicity as assessed by the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    One-sided Fisher's exact tests with alpha of 0.05 will be used at each interim analysis, and no adjustment will be made for multiple comparisons.

  • Objective response rates [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The sum of the longest diameters of all target lesions will be calculated at baseline and reported as the baseline sum longest diameter. The sum longest diameter will be used to characterize the objective tumor response.

  • Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: From the date of entry on the study to the appearance of new metastatic lesions or objective tumor progression, assessed up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Comorbidities [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The impact of comorbidities on endpoints will be assessed.


Estimated Enrollment: 400
Study Start Date: August 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm IA (docetaxel, cisplatin)
Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • RP 56976
  • Taxotere
  • TXT
Drug: cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CACP
  • CDDP
  • CPDD
  • DDP
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: cytologic sampling
Experimental: Arm IB (docetaxel, cisplatin, bevacizumab)
Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and docetaxel and cisplatin as in Arm IA.
Drug: docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • RP 56976
  • Taxotere
  • TXT
Drug: cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CACP
  • CDDP
  • CPDD
  • DDP
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: cytologic sampling
Active Comparator: Arm IIA (docetaxel, carboplatin)
Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • RP 56976
  • Taxotere
  • TXT
Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: cytologic sampling
Experimental: Arm IIB (docetaxel, carboplatin, bevacizumab)
Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm IB and docetaxel and carboplatin as in Arm IIA.
Drug: docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • RP 56976
  • Taxotere
  • TXT
Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: cytologic sampling
Active Comparator: Arm IIIA (cisplatin, fluorouracil)
Patients receive cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CACP
  • CDDP
  • CPDD
  • DDP
Drug: fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: cytologic sampling
Experimental: Arm IIIB (cisplatin, fluorouracil, bevacizumab)
Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm IB and cisplatin and fluorouracil as in Arm IIIA.
Drug: cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CACP
  • CDDP
  • CPDD
  • DDP
Drug: fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: cytologic sampling
Active Comparator: Arm IVA (carboplatin, fluorouracil)
Patients receive carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
Drug: fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: cytologic sampling
Experimental: Arm IVB (carboplatin, fluorouracil, bevacizumab)
Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm IB and carboplatin and fluorouracil as in Arm IVA.
Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
Drug: fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: cytologic sampling

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the overall survival of patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer treated with standard platinum-based chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess toxicities with the addition of bevacizumab to each platinum-doublet (cisplatin/docetaxel, carboplatin/docetaxel, cisplatin/fluorouracil [5-FU], carboplatin/5-FU).

II. To compare the objective response rates and the progression-free survival achieved with the above therapies.

III. To collect blood samples before and after therapy for future correlative studies.

IV. To collect tumor tissue samples available at baseline from prior diagnostic procedures for future correlative studies.

OUTLINE: After the physician decides which chemotherapy doublet to use, patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms for that chemotherapy combination.

ARM IA: Patients receive chemotherapy comprising docetaxel intravenously (IV) over 1 hour and cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM IB: Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and docetaxel and cisplatin as in Arm IA.

ARM IIA: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM IIB: Patients receive bevacizumab as in arm IB and docetaxel and carboplatin as in Arm IIA.

ARM IIIA: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM IIIB: Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm IB and cisplatin and fluorouracil as in Arm IIIA.

ARM IVA: Patients receive carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM IVB: Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm IB and carboplatin and fluorouracil as in Arm IVA.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed squamous cell cancer of the head and neck (SCCHN), from any primary site, including unknown primary cancers of the head and neck; patient must not have nasopharyngeal carcinoma of histologic types World Health Organization (WHO) 2 or 3 or squamous cell carcinoma that originated in the skin
  • Patients must have SCCHN that is either (a) recurrent, judged incurable by surgery or radiation or (b) metastatic; NOTE: Patients who refuse radical resection for recurrent disease are eligible; NOTE: A second primary squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck is allowed if eligibility is based on a recurrent or metastatic first primary squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
  • No prior chemotherapy or biologic/molecular targeted therapy for recurrent or metastatic SCCHN

    • Patients may have received one regimen of induction, concomitant chemoradiotherapy and/or adjuvant chemotherapy as part of initial potential curative therapy but must not have received prior chemotherapy for recurrent or metastatic disease
    • A minimum of 4 months is required between last dose of chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy and study treatment; in addition patients must be progression-free for at least 4 months after completion of chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy or radiation plus cetuximab given with a curative intent; (cetuximab therapy: 4 months is required between last dose of chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy and study treatment if part of concurrent regimen, 8 weeks if part of adjuvant regimen post radiation)
    • Patients having progression after 2 cycles of induction chemotherapy are not eligible for the study
  • No prior bevacizumab is allowed
  • A maximum of one prior radiotherapy regimen, curative or palliative, to the head and neck is allowed; if the radiation is combined with chemotherapy and/or cetuximab, a minimum of 4 months must elapse between the end of radiotherapy and registration; if the radiation is given alone, a minimum of 8 weeks must elapse between the end of radiotherapy and registration; a minimum of 3 weeks must elapse between prior radiation to other areas and registration
  • Patients must not be receiving any other investigational agent while on the study
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
  • Patients must have recovered to grade 1 or better from any acute effects of prior surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy, and should be > 4 weeks post surgery; chronic late xerostomia, speech and swallowing abnormalities resulting from prior radiation or surgery are permitted if nutritional status is stable
  • Patients must have measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST); baseline measurements and evaluations of all sites of disease must be obtained =< 4 weeks prior to randomization; disease in previously irradiated sites is considered measurable if there has been unequivocal disease progression or biopsy-proven residual carcinoma following radiation therapy; persistent disease after radiotherapy must be biopsy proven at least 8 weeks after completion of radiation therapy; (radiographic findings are acceptable providing that clear-cut measurements can be made)
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 8.0 g/dL
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine clearance of >= 60 ml/min; creatinine clearance may be measured or calculated; if calculating, creatinine clearance, use the Cockroft-Gault formula
  • Total bilirubin within normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) must be within the range allowing for eligibility

    • Alkaline phosphatase normal AND AST or ALT =< 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Alkaline phosphatase > 1 but =< 2.5 x ULN AND AST or ALT > 1 but =< 1.5 x ULN
    • Alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 but =< 5 x ULN AND AST or ALT normal
  • Alkaline phosphatase must be within the range allowing for eligibility
  • Urine dipstick must be =< 0-1+ within 2 weeks (14 days) of randomization; if urine dipstick result is > 1+, a calculation of urine protein creatinine (UPC) ratio is required; patients must have a UPC ratio < 1.0 to participate in the study; NOTE: UPC ratio of spot urine is an estimation of the 24 urine protein excretion - a UPC ratio of 1 is roughly equivalent to a 24-hour urine protein of 1 gm
  • No known brain metastases
  • Patients who meet the following criteria will be excluded:

    • Tumors that invade major vessels (e.g. the carotid) as shown unequivocally by imaging studies
    • Central (i.e. within 2 cm from the hilum) lung metastases that are cavitary as shown unequivocally by imaging studies
    • Any prior history of bleeding related to the current head and neck cancer
    • History of gross hemoptysis (bright red blood of 1/2 teaspoon or more per episode of coughing) =< 3 months prior to enrollment
  • No history of coagulopathy or hemorrhagic disorders
  • Patients should not have a history of thrombosis (e.g. pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis) currently requiring therapeutic anticoagulation (prophylactic use of warfarin 1 mg per day is allowed) and international normalized ratio (INR) should be < 1.5 at registration
  • Patients must not be receiving chronic daily treatment with aspirin (> 325 mg/day) or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAID's) known to inhibit platelet function; the use of anti-platelet agents (e.g. dipyridamole [Persantine], ticlopidine [Ticlid], clopidogrel [Plavix]) is allowed only if patient is not receiving aspirin or NSAID's known to inhibit platelet function
  • No hypercalcemia related to head and neck cancer
  • Patients with a prior history of squamous cell or basal carcinoma of the skin or in situ cervical cancer must have been curatively treated; patients with a history of other prior malignancy must have been treated with curative intent and must have remained disease-free for 3 years post diagnosis
  • No current peripheral neuropathy >= grade 2 at time of randomization
  • Patients must not have any co-existing condition that would preclude full compliance with the study
  • No prior history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80, if the physician's choice of chemotherapy regimen is docetaxel
  • All patients must have blood pressure =< 150/90 =< 2 weeks prior to randomization; patients with history of hypertension must be well-controlled upon study entry (=< 150/90) on a stable regimen of anti-hypertensive therapy
  • No major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to study enrollment, or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study
  • No unstable angina or myocardial infarction within the previous 6 months; no symptomatic congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association (NYHA) grade II or greater; no history of aortic dissection or presence of aneurysm > 6 cm (or at high risk for rupture); no serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication (history of chronic atrial fibrillation or other atrial arrhythmia with controlled rate on medication is allowed); no clinically significant peripheral vascular disease manifested by intermittent claudication or need for vascular intervention; no history of aortic dissection; no history of any central nervous system (CNS) cerebrovascular ischemia or stroke within the last 6 months; no active serious infection
  • Patients should not have prior history of a serious human anti-human antibody (HAHA) reaction; patients with known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human antibodies are not eligible
  • Women must not be pregnant or breast feeding; pregnant women are excluded from this study; women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to total abstinence or to use adequate hormonal or barrier method of birth control prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy when indicated
  • No history of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to registration
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00588770

  Show 728 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Athanassios (Ethan) Argiris ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00588770     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00507, NCI-2009-00507, CDR0000582533, E1305, E1305, U10CA021115, U10CA180820
Study First Received: December 28, 2007
Last Updated: August 19, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Laryngeal Diseases
Tongue Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Verrucous
Neoplasms, Unknown Primary
Salivary Gland Neoplasms
Laryngeal Neoplasms
Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Mouth Neoplasms
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Tongue Diseases
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Salivary Gland Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Nose Neoplasms
Nose Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014